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Glossary of Gardening Terms

Gardening, like anything, takes practice. Some gardeners have spent years collecting knowledge and skill, others are just beginning. No matter your skill level or gardening-know-how, gardening is a hobby everyone can enjoy. Learning basic terms is a great way to build your knowledge before you get digging. 


The process of loosening or puncturing the soil to increase water penetration. You typically aerate your lawn in the fall to help encourage healthy root growth. 


Annuals are plants that complete their entire life cycle (from seed to flower to seed) in one season. All parts of the plants die annually. Annuals are great for providing color for one season. 

Companion Planting

Companion planting is the method of planting different plants near each other for mutual benefit. The most common use is insect and disease control. For example, planting basil near your tomatoes will keep insects from your plants.  


The process of preparing the soil for planting. Typically includes weeding and breaking up the soil surface. 


Deciduous trees and shrubs lose their leaves in fall and winter.


Deadheading refers to the process of removing dead flower heads from your plants. This encourages new blooms to form and also helps keep up plant aesthetics. 


The process of digging up plants and splitting them into two or more sections. This can be done with house plants and garden plants. 


Trees and shrubs that keep their foliage all winter. 

Full Shade

A location that gets less than 4 hours of direct sunlight a day. 

Full Sun

A full sun location is one that gets more than 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. 


Hardiness describes a plant’s ability to survive outside of ideal growing conditions such as temperature. Some hardy annuals can survive a frost. 


Hardscape describes the use of landscape features such as concrete, stone, walkways or deck. Rather than the use of vegetation. Most landscape designs have a mix of hardscapes and vegetation. 

Hardening Off

The process for acclimating plants to colder temperatures so they build up a tolerance to colder temperatures. This is usually done for greenhouse plants to acclimate them to outdoor conditions. 


An invasive plant is one that is not native to the area in which it is growing and can cause economic or environmental harm to the region. These plants typically spread quickly and can often get out of control. 

Part Sun/Part Shade 

A location that is part sun or part shade gets less than 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. 


Perennials are plants that survive for many seasons. The top part of the plant dies back in the winter, and new growth appears in the Spring. Many perennials will keep their leaves all year. Perennials bloom at various times throughout the year depending on the variety. 

Native Plant

Any plant that has developed in a region of many many years. It is a vital part of the ecosystem in the area in which it grows. 


The process of digging up a plant and moving it to another location.


A tree is a long-lasting perennial that is characterized by having a woody stem or trunk and bearing lateral branches. Trees typically grow taller than 30 feet and live for decades. 


Shrubs are perennial plants that have multiple woody stems or trunks but remain shorter in height. Usually less than 30 feet. Also called a bush. 

Soil Amendments

A soil amendment is anything added to the soil to improve the composition making plant growth easier. Things like compost, lime, sulfur and gypsum are all common amendments. 

Specimen Tree

A specimen tree is a tree planted with the purpose of being a focal point. It typically has a feature such as flowers, bark, size or rarity that make it an interesting addition to a landscape design. 


Leaves which are marked with multiple colors.

For more information on getting started in your garden, visit any English Gardens location and talk with an expert.



English Garden Nurseries & Garden Centers Serve the Greater Clinton Twp., Dearborn Heights, Royal Oak, West Bloomfield, Eastpointe, and Plymouth Ann Arbor Michigan Areas

Providing garden centers complete with full service landscaping, seasonal holiday stores including their enchanting Christmas Stores, and most locations even offer a full service in house florist

English Gardens Detroit MI area nurseries & garden centers are not only the areas largest garden nurseries, but they offer the largest selection of products and services found anywhere in the Clinton Twp., Dearborn Heights, Royal Oak, West Bloomfield, Eastpointe, and Plymouth Ann Arbor Michigan regions providing full service garden centers, full service landscaping and landscape design, seasonal holiday stores including their enchanting Christmas Stores, the largest selection of Patio Furniture in Michigan, and most locations even offer a full service in house florist for flower arrangements for every day as well as those special occasions such as wedding flowers, event flowers, sympathy and funeral flower arrangements, prom flowers, and more!

Our nurseries and garden centers have the areas largest selection of plants, flowers, shrubs, annuals, perennials, and patio furniture. Garden supplies are in abundance, with everything from garden tools and accessories, to garden and potting soil, mulches, bagged garden stone, pots and so much more. We have everything you need for your outdoor gardening needs.

Landscaping? Count on the professional landscape contractors and designers at English Gardens to Make Your Property Beautiful! We offer both DIY landscaping assistance and full service landscape design and construction with our in house landscaping company.

Our floral designers can create perfect floral arrangements for weddings, events, funerals, proms and the like. Make the moment beautiful.

Our Christmas Stores in addition to being one of the areas best holiday experiences, are filled with live and life-like artificial Christmas trees, including flocked artificial Christmas trees, and those sometimes hard to come by 9 foot flocked artificial Christmas trees, as well as a large, ready to take home inventory, of 3 foot artificial Christmas trees, 4 foot artificial Christmas trees, 5 foot artificial Christmas trees, 7.5 foot artificial Christmas trees, 9 foot artificial Christmas trees and 12 foot artificial Christmas trees, and all of the other holiday items you need like Christmas lights, decorations, Christmas wreaths & garland of all types, and unique gifts. Make the Holiday beautiful!

English Gardens store by store offerings in the Clinton Twp., Dearborn Heights, Royal Oak, West Bloomfield, Eastpointe, and Plymouth Ann Arbor Michigan areas;

Clinton Twp. Garden Centers:

Dearborn Heights Garden Center:

Royal Oak Garden Center:

West Bloomfield Garden Center:

Eastpointe Garden Center:

Plymouth Ann Arbor Garden Center:

Be sure to visit any one of our Garden Centers for the largest selection of products and services the area has to offer. If you have any questions please call one of our stores directly in Clinton Twp., Dearborn Heights, Royal Oak, West Bloomfield, Eastpointe, and Plymouth Ann Arbor Michigan for friendly, prompt help.

Clinton Township, MI

44850 Garfield Rd. at Hall Rd.
Clinton Twp., Michigan 48038

Phone Numbers
Phone: (586) 286-6100
Fax: (586) 286-0033

Dearborn Heights, MI

22650 Ford Rd. at Outer Dr.
Dearborn Heights, Michigan 48127

Phone Numbers
Nursery: (313) 278-4433
Florist: (313) 565-8133
Fax: (313) 278-0459

Eastpointe, MI

22501 Kelly Rd. at Nine Mile Rd.
Eastpointe, Michigan

Phone Numbers
Phone: (586) 771-4200
Fax: (586) 771-4894

Plymouth/Ann Arbor, MI

9900 Ann Arbor Road W.
Plymouth, Michigan

Phone Numbers
Phone: (734) 453-5500

Royal Oak, MI

4901 Coolidge Hwy,
Royal Oak, Michigan

Phone Numbers
Phone: (248) 280-9500
Fax: (248) 280-2688

West Bloomfield, MI

6370 Orchard Lake Rd. at Maple
West Bloomfield Township, Michigan

Phone Numbers
Phone: (248) 851-7506
Fax: (248) 539-4738

Patio Furniture from English Gardens of Michigan

Patio Lounge Chairs
Patio Furniture Showrooms
Bistro Sets
Outdoor Dining Sets
Outdoor Sectionals

Make Life Beautiful! Come to English Gardens Today!

Don’t forget to come visit our enchanted Christmas Stores! We have by far the areas largest display of pre-lit and unlit Christmas trees, both Live and Artificial Life-Like Christmas trees in all sizes and varieties, the areas largest selection of Christmas lights in a variety of lengths, sizes, bulb types including energy efficient, and long lasting ,state of the art, LED Christmas lights, Christmas Garland, Christmas wreaths, Christmas decorations, and that perfect gift for that special someone!

Make Christmas Beautiful! Come to English Gardens This Christmas, It’s Fun For The Whole Family!

When it comes to the holidays other than Christmas, you won’t be disappointed, From July 4th, to Labor Day, Columbus Day, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Easter, Mothers and Fathers Day and more, you guessed it, you can count on English Gardens to Make the Holiday Beautiful!

Make the Holidays Beautiful! Come to English Gardens!

At the end of the day, we all enjoy putting a smile on our, and other’s faces, come to English Gardens at any one of our convenient locations and Make Today Beautiful!

Make Today Beautiful! Come to English Gardens!

Christmas at English Gardens

Where to Buy Frosted Christmas Trees in Michigan

The best artificial Christmas Trees in Michigan

Christmas Tree Sale

Where to Buy Mini Lit Christmas Trees in Michigan

Choose the right pencil Christmas tree this holiday season

Pre Lit Artificial Christmas Trees

Pre Lit Christmas Trees

White Lit Christmas Trees

Slim Flocked Christmas Trees

Slim Christmas Trees

Skinny Pre Lit Christmas Tree

Outdoor Lit Christmas Trees

Fake Christmas Trees